Woman disinfecting room with Lysol spray that kills germs during coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic
You're reading a ton of information about coronavirus (more specifically, COVID-19) and what to do while we're in an active pandemic. Some of what you've heard is spot-on; some of it's utterly bogus; some of it changes every day; most of it's scaring the pants off you. That's why we've consulted the experts to compile this comprehensive list of the most important, science-backed things you can do to stay healthy. Read to the end to lower your chances of contracting the potentially deadly virus at all costs.
1

First of All, Don't Panic!


Nervous african woman breathing calming down relieving headache or managing stress, black girl feeling stressed self-soothing massaging temples exhaling


Be prepared, be vigilant, be informed. But don't be panicked. We will get through this together, even if we have to temporarily remain apart. Measures like the ones you're about to read about have worked in China, where the virus first started (and where they recently logged a full day with zero reported new local infections), and South Korea.
2

Then Again, Don't Think You're Immune


Friends eating pizza


At the same time, now isn't the time to be complacent. If you're young, you can still develop COVID-19 and serious complications—Millenials are being hospitalized—and spread coronavirus to people who are more vulnerable, like the elderly and immunocompromised, even if you're symptom free.
3

Obviously: Don't Forget to Wash Your Hands


scrubbing soapy hand against washbasin


This is the most important protection against COVID-19. Wash your hands after being out in public, after you use the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and before preparing or consuming food—basically, as often as is practical.
4

Don't Touch Your Face


Woman stressed


Germs are most often introduced into our body when we touch our eyes, nose or mouth, experts say.
5

Don't Wash Your Hands for Less Than 20 Seconds


Hand washing for 20s, the first step to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 COVID-19 and other viruses


Anything less would be uncivilized—and will leave germs on your hands, experts say. Do it for 20 seconds or more, or as long as it takes to sing "Happy Birthday"—or the theme from Full House or the Imperial March from Star Wars. Whatever it takes to get you through.
6

Always Wash Your Hands With Soap


hand holding soap bar


Studies show that during handwashing, soap creates a chemical reaction that removes germs from your hands more efficiently than water alone. Don't use too little or too much—too much soap can prevent thorough rinsing of germs from your hands—and rinse and dry completely.
7

Don't Sneeze or Cough Openly


woman sneezing on her elbow.


Cough or sneeze into the crook of your elbow—some call it "The Batman Sneeze"—or into a disposable tissue.
8

Don't Touch Door Handles (If You Can Help It)


Door knob on or off the bathroom


Researchers have found that coronavirus can live for two to three days on hard surfaces like door handles. That's why it's especially important to wash your hands regularly, and push doors with your arm or elbow when possible.
9

Adhere to Social Distancing Recommendations


Smiling black man using laptop at home in living room. Happy mature businessman send email and working at home


Social distancing guidelines come from a place of knowledge—they've prevented other novel viruses (like the flu of 1918) from exacting an even greater toll.
10

Don't Attend Large Gatherings


catered food event


This week, the White House recommended that gatherings be limited to 10 people or fewer.
11

Don't Go to Restaurants and Bars


Sign closed in restaurant blank for fill time.


Many localities have closed bars and restaurants to everything but carryout and delivery.


12

Don't Shake Hands


Two women friends meet in a street with bare hands. Instead of greeting with a hug or handshake, they bump elbows instead


Not to encourage antisocial behavior, but now's a good time to substitute a handshake for a wave or an elbow bump.


13

Don't Forget Your Face Mask


Surgical masks on a table


According to the NCDC: "In light of new data about how COVID-19 spreads, along with evidence of widespread COVID-19 illness in communities across the country, CDC recommends that people wear a cloth face covering to cover their nose and mouth in the community setting. This is to protect people around you if you are infected but do not have symptoms."
You can make your own at home out of cloth.
They go on: "A cloth face covering should be worn whenever people are in a community setting, especially in situations where you may be near people. These settings include grocery stores and pharmacies. These face coverings are not a substitute for social distancing. Cloth face coverings are especially important to wear in public in areas of widespread COVID-19 illness."


14

Don't Hoard Food


Empty shelves in supermarket


There's no need to panic-buy food. Officials from around the U.S. and world have said there is no shortage in the food supply, and grocery stores will be restocked.


15

Don't Go to an ER Unless You're Seriously Ill


patients in the hospital waiting to see doctor and treatment


If you have COVID-19 symptoms, it's best to call your healthcare provider for advice. Don't go to an ER unless you're having trouble breathing; you might infect others there.
16

Don't Drink Too Much Alcohol


man sitting on bed with alcohol glass - how does alcohol affect the brain


It's a scary time, but overindulging in alcohol isn't the answer. Drinking too much can raise blood pressure and reduce immunity, two factors that could make you more susceptible to COVID-19 and complications.


17

Don't Sleep Less




Sleep is a time when our immune system recharges, and a lack of quality sleep has been associated with other serious diseases. Aim for seven to nine hours a night.

18

Don't Let Anxiety Take Over


Woman meditating on her bed


If you're feeling anxious, turn off the news and social media. Breathe deeply for a few minutes. Practice techniques that reduce anxiety and stress, including mindfulness, meditation and exercise.
19

Don't Forget to Check in With Others


Cheerful excited joyful intelligent clever glad relaxed grandpa using netbook telling relatives friends


"Social distancing only applies to physical space, not all human connections," said doctors from Johns Hopkins on March 17. "If you know someone who can't go outside, like an older person, call them regularly."

20

Don't Stop Exercising


Smiling woman sitting exercise mat and watching training videos on digital tablet


Even though gyms may be closed in your area, daily exercise is key to staying healthy. Luckily, working out at home is easier than ever, thanks to apps and sites like Beachbody, Openfit, Aaptiv and Fitbod. Several gym chains have online workouts too. 

21

Don't Eat Poorly


Obese woman laying on sofa with smartphone eating chips


Stress eating could turn COVID-19 into the new version of the Freshman 15. Don't let it; that will only compromise your overall health.

22

Don't Share Bogus Information


Coronavirus outbreak: A woman reading news/updates about coronavirus and getting anxiety/depression


We all want our friends, loved ones and community to stay informed about COVID-19, but make sure any information you share comes from major news sources, hospitals and health organizations like the NCDC and WHO.


23

Don't Totally Avoid Nature


A woman wearing protective face mask is seen walking in the park during COVID-19 virus outbreak


Going outside during social distancing is "more than okay. It's a good idea," the Johns Hopkins doctors said. "Just keep your distance from others. Walking, hiking and biking are good. Contact sports are a no-no. Exercise is physically and mentally important, especially in stressful times."

24

Self-Quarantine If You Suspect You've Been Exposed


Corona Virus. Sick man of corona virus looking through the window and wearing mask protection and recovery from the illness in home


This is key to slowing the spread of the virus, experts say. Follow your healthcare provider's instructions.
25

Self-Isolate If You Suspect You've Been Infected


Young business woman working from home with laptop, wearing protective mask


If you're ill with COVID-19, it's important to occupy a separate bedroom from other members of your family if you can, and avoid sharing towels, bedding, glasses, plates and silverware until you're recovered.

26

Don't Touch Shopping Carts


Man wearing disposable medical face mask wipes the shopping cart handle with a disinfecting cloth in supermarket


…without wiping them down with an antibacterial wipe, or washing your hands as soon as you get home, that is.

27

Don't Touch Elevator Buttons


A woman pushing an elevator button with sleeve nylon down jacket instead of using her hand.


If you can help it, press these germ magnets with a knuckle or the side of your hand; it'll lower the chances you'll transfer

28

Don't Stock Up on Simple Carbs


White bread on wooden cutting board


When you're buying groceries, go for complex carbs, not white bread and flour, baked goods and processed foods.

29

Disinfect Your Cell Phone


Cleaning mobile phone to eliminate germs


Even in normal times, they can carry seven times more germs than the average toilet seat. Wipe them down with disinfectant daily. 

30

Don't Feel Helpless to Help Others


These are unforeseen circumstances, but staying at home doesn't mean you're powerless to help others. Michigan Health has a great list of things you can do, from donating to food and diaper banks to helping the homebound.

31

Don't Forget to Wash Your Hand Towels


hand and puts the laundry into the washing machine


Experts recommend washing your kitchen hand towels after two days of use, in hot water, with a bit of bleach or a product with activated oxygen bleach.

32

Don't Take Ibuprofen


Unhappy woman side view holds tablet and glass of water


Some European doctors have reported that taking NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen seems to make COVID-19 worse in some cases. They recommend taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) instead. This is controversial, but it's worth asking your healthcare provider and following their advice.

33

Don't Use Hand Sanitizer That's Less Than 60% Alcohol


COVID-19 Close up woman wash hand sanitizer gel dispenser, against Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) at home.


Experts say 60% and above is necessary to kill germs.

34

Don't Skip a Vitamin D Supplement


Yellow soft shell D-vitamin capsule against sun and blue sky on sunny day


Among other benefits, Vitamin D boosts the immune system.

35

Don't Skip the Flu Shot


Medication nurse wearing protective gloves and white scrubs get a needle or shot ready for an injection. - Image


If you haven't gotten one, it's not too late. It won't protect against COVID-19, but it will help protect you against the seasonal flu, which can have similar symptoms.
36

Don't Let Your Blood Pressure Rise


Woman Checking Blood Pressure At Home


If you're on medication or a lifestyle-change regimen for high blood pressure, don't discontinue them. High blood pressure has been associated with worse outcomes for people who contract COVID-19.

37

Don't Skip the Veggies


washing vegetables


As always, try to eat as many fruits and vegetables as possible—they contain vitamins, minerals and compounds that can boost your immune system.

38

Don't Handle Cash (If You Can Help It)


paying with cash at grocery store


Initial reports indicate that cash might help spread coronavirus. Pay with plastic whenever possible.



39

Don't Touch a Public Screen Or Keypad (Without Washing Your Hands)


woman paying by credit card at juice bar. Focus on woman hands entering security pin in credit card reader


The checkout screens at grocery stores and keypads at banks and ATMs were notoriously germy even before the coronavirus outbreak. Bring a pen with you and use the non-writing end to press keys and give your signature.
40

Don't Go to Religious Services


closed historic building or church doors. Coronavirus quarantine.


Right now is the time to avoid crowds in general. Attend services online, or in a virtual group hangout.

41

Don't Use a Community Pen




Bring your own writing utensil with you anywhere you might need to use one—to the bank, doctor's office or other essential places.

42

Don't Blame Others


An angry senior points an accusing finger


Viruses don't belong to one country or discriminate about who they infect. Blaming one country or group of people for COVID-19 isn't emotionally healthy or constructive.

43

Don't Have Elective Health Procedures


Doctor checking his daily planner when talking to his patient on the phone


A number of localities, including New York City, are canceling elective, non-essential health procedures to reserve resources for coronavirus cases. Ask your healthcare provider if any of your upcoming procedures are urgent or can be rescheduled.

44

Don't Take a Cruise


Cruises have proven to be an effective vector for transmitting a number of viruses, including coronavirus. If you have one booked, now's a good time to reschedule or choose another diversion.

45

Don't Take Children to Playgrounds


little boy playing inside a tunnel in the playground balls poll


While many parks and playgrounds remain open, playground equipment is rarely (if ever) disinfected.
46

Don't Go Out When You're Sick




If you feel ill, stay home and stay safe.

47

Disinfect "High-Touch" Surfaces


man cleaning his computer keyboard


Take a minute to wipe down other frequently touched surfaces such as computer keyboards, remote controls and light switches.

From the 47 listed things you should do to save the world, do you have anything to add.. Let's hear from you in the comment area.